The Montessori approach to learning is divided into the following areas:
Life Practical: This area is very important in a Montessori classroom. Here, the children carry out simple daily activities such as pouring a drink, tying of shoe laces and sharpening a pencil, polishing, transfering, pouring and threading. It is through these exercises that the child develops the self-confidence, control and concentration essential for the mastery of the other curriculum areas.
Sensorial: The sensorial materials help the child to become aware of detail. Each of the activities isolates defining quality such as colour, weight, shape, texture, size, sound and smell. The Sensorial aspect improves concentration and frames the groundwork for language.
Maths:The children learn how to share, combine, count, and compare using Montessori specific materials.
Language: The Montessori classroom provides children with the opportunity to develop their vocabulary and self-expression. Children are introduced to phonetic sounds of the alphabet at first and this leads to beginning stages of reading.
Cultural: This is the area of the curriculum that introduces the child to basic concepts of science, geography and history. Children discover, explore and enquire about the world around them.